When a person takes a medication or abuses drugs and/or alcohol for an extended time period, his or her body becomes dependent upon that substance. This dependency can cause symptoms known as opiate withdrawals. Opiate withdrawals are the results of addiction or physical dependence to a substance. While withdrawal symptoms can vary based on the type of opiates abused, some symptoms each has in common are anxiety, muscle aches, anxiety, runny nose and sweating. Opiates are designed to mimic chemicals in the brain, and they bind or connect to receptors in the brain that create pain-reliving feelings. Without taking these substances, a person can experience opiate withdrawals.
What Are Opiates?
Opiates are medications designed to relieve pain. Examples include OxyContin, Vicodin,they can cause physical dependency and addiction. As a result, a person can also experience opiate withdrawals. According to the National Institutes of Health, an estimated 9 percent of Americans may abuse these drugs at some point in their lifetimes.
Symptoms of Withdrawal for Different Opiates
Clonidine: Clonidine withdrawal symptoms can include anxiety, headache, tremors and a sudden increase in blood pressure.
Suboxone: Examples of suboxone (Buprenorphine) withdrawal symptoms include itching, nausea, stomach pain, vomiting and a rapid, pounding heartbeat.
OxyContin/Oxycodone: OxyContin withdrawal symptoms include depression, anxiety, coughing, diarrhea, vomiting and joint and muscle pain.
Tramadol: Tramadol withdrawals include sweating, tremors, shivering, nausea, anxiety, irritability and difficulty sleeping. Withdrawals can also include brain zaps, which cause tingling or shock-like feelings in the body.
Vicodin: Vicodin withdrawals include muscle pains, stomach cramping, nausea, sweating, insomnia and agitation.
Percocet: Percocet withdrawal symptoms include nausea, pain, muscle aches, restless legs and vomiting.
Dangers and Health Effects of Withdrawal
While opiate withdrawal symptoms are rarely deadly, undergoing these symptoms at a detox center can help prevent relapse. This is because a person may be tempted to stop the withdrawal and sobriety process without medical support. Treatment Centers of Bloomington can provide support for opiate withdrawals in the forms of medications to minimize harmful withdrawal symptoms as well as therapy and support to encourage a person to make it through the process of successfully withdrawing from opiates.
Withdrawal Medications for Opiates
Drug Treatment Centers of Bloomington can administer several medications designed to facilitate withdrawal from opiates and minimize withdrawal symptoms. Examples of withdrawal medications include: